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Sunday, 15 September 2013

THE PRECURSORS OF CHRISTIAN MONASTICISM AND ASCETICISM: PYTHAGORAS – PYTHAGORISM

Translated from the original by Costas Balomenos


Pythagoras
                                                       
T
he main characteristic of the ancient Greek religion as developed through the two masterpieces of Homer's epics, the “Iliad” and “Odyssey” and from Hesiod in his “Theogony” is the anthropomorphism.  Be presented namely the Gods with human passions and actions, which of course only to gods do not match, so the man made a game into the hands and the passions of the gods.
   Also in Homeric poetry, there is no belief in afterlife personal life. The soul exists only when it is connected with the body. From the moment you separated from it, running as shade into Hades and takes again life and movement when drinking blood. The soul is not therefore the bearer of life, but the blood...

Sunday, 1 September 2013

Diversions of the Christian Monasticism

Translated from the original by Costas Balomenos


T
he monachism was born from the need of some Christians to leave the social - cosmic life, to dedicate themselves completely to God. Especially this need became more intense when he began to experience and within the Christian communities the hypocrisy of the world. In the 4th century AD in major cities of the empire there was a discount of spirituality because many they accepted Christianity without knowing well his teaching. From the other side, many Christians allied with state power and were removed from the Christian spirit of selflessness and offering to their fellow man. So many Christians began to leave the cities and villages to live in deserted places and later in monasteries, where they also were engaged in exercise, repentance and prayer...